Much OT and NT scholarship in the 20th cent. investigated the social contexts in which the narratives were transmitted orally before they were encapsulated in writing. A community or nation in constant change adapts its religious practices accordingly, and critics have been interested to go behind the literary sources of the Pentateuch, for example, to discern the process by which those sources attained their final form. Thus, attention was given to the life and aims of the Priestly editors from whom emerged the P source of the Pentateuch.
In NT studies work has been devoted to the process of transmitting the various items in the gospels which were identified by the form critics [[➝ Form Criticism]]. There are two significant passages in 1 Cor. (11:23–5 and 15:3–5) in which Paul explains that what he passes on to his converts he had himself received and checked out at Jerusalem; the traditions about the Eucharist and the Resurrection [[➝ resurrection]] as recorded by Paul therefore go back to the pre-Pauline era—the short period of time between the crucifixion and Paul's first visit to the leaders of the Church in Jerusalem (Gal. 1:18). Paul asserts that he received the tradition ‘from the Lord’, and this might refer either to a direct revelation, as on the Damascus road, or, more probably, to the Lord (Jesus) as the source of a tradition that was passed on by a human chain of believers.
In Roman Catholic theology ‘tradition’, as defined at the Council of Trent in 1546, has a special meaning as a body of belief equal in authority with scripture. It has been held to consist of teaching given by the risen Jesus to the apostles during the forty days after the Resurrection [[➝ resurrection]] (Acts 1:3). Some Catholic theologians, however, regard tradition as the ongoing interpretation, within the Church, of revelation which is either explicitly or implicitly contained in scripture.

Dictionary of the Bible.

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(of possession), / (from one generation to another)

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  • TRADITION — Le mot «tradition» (en latin traditio , «acte de transmettre») vient du verbe tradere , «faire passer à un autre, livrer, remettre». Littré en a distingué quatre sens principaux: «Action par laquelle on livre quelque chose à quelqu’un»;… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • TRADITION — (Heb. מָסֹרֶת). The term tradition derives from the Latin tradere, which means to transmit or to give over. Generally, it refers to beliefs, doctrines, customs, ethical and moral standards, and cultural values and attitudes which are transmitted… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • tradition — TRADITION. s. f. Action par laquelle on livre une chose à une personne. La vente se consomme par la tradition de la chose venduë. l investiture d un fief se faisoit par la tradition d un estendard, la vente d une terre par la tradition d une… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • Tradition — Tra*di tion, n. [OE. tradicioun, L. traditio, from tradere to give up, transmit. See {Treason}, {Traitor}.] 1. The act of delivering into the hands of another; delivery. A deed takes effect only from the tradition or delivery. Blackstone. [1913… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Tradition — Sf std. (16. Jh.) Entlehnung. Entlehnt aus l. trāditio ( ōnis), zu l. trādere (trāditum) übergeben, überreichen , zu l. dare geben und l. trāns . Adjektiv: traditionell; das Grundverb in tradieren.    Ebenso nndl. traditie, ne. tradition, nfrz.… …   Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen sprache

  • tradition — tra·di·tion n [French, legal transfer] in the civil law of Louisiana: transfer or acquisition of property esp. by delivery with intent of both parties to transfer the title delivery of the act of transfer or use of the right by the owner of the… …   Law dictionary

  • Tradition — [Wichtig (Rating 3200 5600)] Bsp.: • Seit 25 Jahren Tradition. • Das ist eine amerikanische Tradition …   Deutsch Wörterbuch

  • tradition — [trə dish′ən] n. [ME tradycion < MFr tradicion < L traditio, a surrender, delivery, tradition < traditus, pp. of tradere, to deliver: see TREASON] 1. Obs. a surrender or betrayal 2. a) the handing down orally of stories, beliefs, customs …   English World dictionary

  • Tradition — Tra*di tion, v. t. To transmit by way of tradition; to hand down. [Obs.] [1913 Webster] The following story is . . . traditioned with very much credit amongst our English Catholics. Fuller. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • tradition — tradition, traditions A set of social practices which seek to celebrate and inculcate certain behavioural norms and values , implying continuity with a real or imagined past, and usually associated with widely accepted rituals or other forms of… …   Dictionary of sociology

  • Tradition — (v. lat. Traditio, Übergabe) 1) Handlung, wodurch der Besitz einer körperlichen Sache in der Absicht auf einen Andern übertragen wird, demselben ein dingliches Recht daran zu geben, s. Übergabe; 2) Überlieferung; bes. 3) die der geschriebenen… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

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